U.S. Department of Energy

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Janet Jansson

Chief Biologist for Biology
Professional Title: 
Lab Fellow
Email: 
janet.jansson@pnnl.gov
Biography: 

Janet Jansson is Chief Scientist for Biology in the Biological Sciences Division and a laboratory fellow at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Currently Dr. Jansson is the lead for the Microbiome in Transition initiative and the Principle Investigator for a Science Focus Area for the Department of Energy for the Phenotypic Response of the Soil Microbiome to Environmental Perturbations. 

Before coming to PNNL (June 2014) she was a senior staff scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2007-2014) and headed the Ecosystems Biology Program for the Earth Sciences Division at the Berkeley Lab. She also held Adjunct Professor positions at UC Berkeley and the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, from 2012-2014. Dr. Jansson was a researcher in Sweden for 20 years from 1988 - 2007 and was professor, chair of environmental microbiology, and Vice Dean at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences prior to moving back to the United States in 2007.

Dr. Jansson obtained her Ph.D. in 1988 at Michigan State University and then established a successful research career in Sweden over the next 20 years. From 2000-2006 she was Professor and Chair of Environmental Microbiology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Vice Dean of the Natural Sciences Faculty, where she coordinated "The Uppsala Microbiomics Center," a Swedish strategic national center of excellence. 

She has more than 30 years experience in microbial ecology. Her specific expertise is in the use of molecular approaches (omics) to study complex microbial communities, such as those residing in soil, sediments, and the human gut. Specific contributions include monitoring of bacteria and their physiological state in soil and in association with plants; in this capacity she conducted the first field trial of a genetically modified microbe in Sweden. Dr. Jansson also used multi-omics approaches to determine the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on water, beach, and sediment communities. She is currently studying the impact of climate change on microbial communities in prairie and arctic ecosystems; including a focus on the impact of warming on permafrost soil microbiomes. Dr. Jansson’s research also focuses on the human microbiome, starting with determining long-term impacts of antibiotics on the gut microbiome, as well as impact of inflammatory bowel disease and diet. She was the first to show that the gut microbiome could be transferred upon fecal transplantation. Currently, she is coordinating Microbiomes in Transition (MinT), a large research initiative at PNNL that takes a multidisciplinary approach to determine how microbiomes are impacted by perturbations, such as climate change for environmental microbiomes and environmental exposures for human microbiomes. 

Dr. Jansson is a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, has more than 100 publications and is the editor of two books on molecular microbial ecology and a textbook on soil microbiology. She currently serves as the President of the International Society for Microbiology (ISME) and as a senior editor of The ISME Journal.

Education: 
  • B.S. Biology & Soil Science (dual), New Mexico State University, 1980
  • M.S. Soil Microbiology, Colorado State University, 1983
  • Ph.D. Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, 1988
  • Postdoc. Biochemistry, Stockholm University, 1991
Awards: 
  • Laboratory Fellow, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (2017)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Microbiology (2013)
  • Faculty 1000 (2013)
  • Distinguished Francis C. Clark Lecture, Soil Science Society of America: recognizing achievements in soil biology (2013).
  • Recent Distinguished Lectures/Keynote addresses: AAAS Cutting Edge: The Art and Science of Climate Change (May 1, 2014) Washington, DC; Novartis: Multi-omics of the gut microbiome (Oct. 29, 2014) Emeryville, CA; Argonne Soil Metagenomics Conference: Permafrost soil metagenomics (Oct. 2-3, 2014) Chicago, IL; ASM Beneficial Microbes Symposium: Multi-omics of the gut microbiome (Sept. 28-30, 2014) Boston, MA; Complex Soil Systems Conference: Untangling complexity of soil microbiomes (Sept. 4, 2014) Berkeley, CA; International Society of Microbial Ecology: Omics of the gut microbiome (Aug. 22-28, 2014) Seoul, S. Korea; Monsanto Fellows Symposium (Jan. 7-8, 2014) Saint Louis, MO; Keynote debate, Danish Society of Microbiology (Nov. 19, 2013), Copenhagen, Denmark; Frontiers in Biology Distinguished Lecture Series, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, (Sept. 12, 2013) Edmonton, Canada; Distinguished lecture, 8th CeBiTec Symposium, (Oct. 28-30, 2013) Bielefeld, Germany. Inspiring Wisdom Distinguished Lecture of State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism (SKMML) (June 3, 2013) Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Distinguished Lecture. Microbial Sciences Initiative at Harvard, (April 14, 2012), Harvard, MA; UT/ORNL/KBRIN Bioinformatics Summit: (March 30-April 1, 2012), Louisville, KY; AAAS: Earth Microbiome Project (Feb. 16-20, 2012) Vancouver, BC.
Research Interests: 
  • Molecular microbial ecology
  • Human microbiome
  • Soil microbiome, metagenome and metaphenome

 

Publications: 

2018

  • Gilbert J.A., M. Blaser, G. Caporaso, J.K. Jansson, S.V. Lynch, and R. Knight. 2018. "Current Understanding of the Human Microbiome." Nature Medicine 24, no. 4:392-400. doi:10.1038/nm.4517
  • Boiteau R.M., J.B. Shaw, L. Pasa Tolic, D.W. Koppenaal, and J.K. Jansson. 2018. "Micronutrient metal speciation is controlled by competitive organic chelation in grassland soils." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 120. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.018
  • Muller O., T. Bang-Andreasen, R.A. White, B. Elberling, N. Tas, T.J. Kneafsey, and J.K. Jansson, et al. 2018. "Disentangling the complexity of permafrost soil by using high resolution profiling of microbial community composition, key functions and respiration rates." Environmental Microbiology. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.14348
  • Phoma S., S. Vikram, J.K. Jansson, I.J. Ansorge, D.A. Cowan, Y. Van De Peer, and T.P. Makhalanyane. 2018. "Agulhas Current Properties Shape Microbial Community Diversity and Potential Functionality." Nature Scientific Reports 8. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-28939-0
  • Stegen J.C., E.M. Bottos, and J.K. Jansson. 2018. "A Unified Conceptual Framework for Prediction and Control of Microbiomes." Current Opinion in Microbiology 44. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2018.06.002
  • Kimbrel J.A., N. Ballor, Y. Wu, M. David, T. Hazen, B.A. Simmons, S.W. Singer, and JK Jansson et al. 2018. "Microbial Community Structure and Functional Potential Along a Hypersaline Gradient." Frontiers in Microbiology 9. 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01492
  • Roy Chowdhury T, LM Bramer, DW Hoyt, YM Kim, TO Metz, LA McCue, HL Diefenderfer, JK Jansson, and VL Bailey. 2018. "Temporal dynamics of CO2and CH4 loss potentials in response to rapid hydrological shifts in tidal freshwater wetland soils." Ecological Engineering 114:104-114. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.06.041
  • Gilbert JA, JK Jansson, and R Knight. 2018. "The Earth Microbiome Project and Global Systems Biology." mSystems 3(3):e00217-17.
  • Noguti J, Chan A A, Bandera B, Brislawn C J, Sim M S, Jansson J K, Bilchik A J, Lee D J  2018.  "Both the Intratumoral Immune and Microbial Microenvironment are Linked to Recurrence in Human Colon Cancer: Results from a Prospective, Multicenter Nodal Ultrastaging Trial" Oncotarget 9(34):23564 - 23576. 10.18632/oncotarget.25276
  • Nicora C D, Burnum-Johnson K E, Nakayasu E S, Casey C P, White R A, Roy Chowdhury T , Kyle J E, Kim YM , Smith R D, Metz T O, Jansson J K, Baker E M  2018.  "The MPLEx Protocol for Multi-Omic Analyses of Soil Samples" Journal of Visualized Experiments e57343(135):. doi: 10.3791/57343
  • Jansson JK, and KS Hofmockel.2018."The Soil Microbiome - From Metagenomics to Metaphenomics." Current Opinion in Microbiology 43(2018):162–168. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2018.01.013
  • Tas N, E Prestat, ST Wang, Y Wu, C Ulrich, TJ Kneafsey, SG Tringe, MS Torn, S Hubbard, and JK Jansson.2018."Landscape Topography Structures the Soil Microbiome in Arctic Polygonal Tundra." Nature Communications 9:777. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03089-z
  • Bottos E M, Kennedy D W, Romero E B, Fansler S J, Brown J M, Bramer L M, Chu R K, Tfaily M M, Jansson J K, Stegen J C  2018. "Dispersal Limitation and Thermodynamic Constraints Govern Spatial Structure of Permafrost Microbial Communities"  Nature Ecology and Evolution; doi:10.1101/265132

2017

  • F.Espinola, H.M.Dionisi, S.Borglin, C.J.Brislawn, J.K Jansson, W.P.MacCormack, L Carroll, S.Sjoling, M.Lozada.2017.Metagenomic analysis of subtidal sediments from polar and subpolar coastal environments highlights the relevance of anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation processes. Microbial Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s00248-017-1028-5
  • Bernstein HC, CJ Brislawn, RS Renslow, KL Dana, BR Morton, SR Lindemann, HS Song, E Atci, H Beyenal, JK Fredrickson, JK  Jansson, and JJ Moran.2017."Trade-offs between microbiome diversity and productivity in a stratified microbial mat." The ISME Journal 11(2):405-414. doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.133
  • Bernstein HC, RS McClure, V Thiel, NC Sadler, YM Kim, WB Chrisler, EA Hill, DA Bryant, MF Romine, JK Jansson, JK Fredrickson, and AS Beliaev.2017."Indirect interspecies regulation; transcriptional and physiological responses of a cyanobacterium to heterotrophic partnership." mSystems 2(2): Article No.e00181-16. doi:10.1128/mSystems.00181-16
  • Halfvarson J, CJ Brislawn, R Lamendella, Y Vazquez-Baeza, WA Walters, LM Bramer, M D'Amato, F Bonfiglio, D McDonald, A Gonzalez, EE Mcclure, MF Dunklebarger, R Knight, and JK Jansson.2017."Dynamics of the Gut Microbiome in Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Nature Microbiology 2(5): Article No.17004. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.4
  • Handley K, YM Piceno, P Hu, L Tom, OU Mason, GL Andersen, JK Jansson, and JA Gilbert.2017."Metabolic and Spatio-taxonomic Response of Uncultivated Seafloor Bacteria Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill." The ISME Journal 11(11):2569-2583. doi:10.1038/ismej.2017.110
  • Maier TV, M Lucio, LH Lee, N VerBerkmoes, CJ Brislawn, J Bernhardt, R Lamendella, JE McDermott, N Bergeron, SS Heinzmann, J Morton, A Gonzalez, G Ackermann, R Knight, K Riedel, R Krauss, P Schmitt-Kopplin, and JK Jansson.2017."Impact of Dietary Resistant Starch on the Human Gut Microbiome, Metaproteome and Metabolome." mBio 8(5): Article No.e01343-17. doi:10.1128/mBio.01343-17
  • Men Y, K Yu, J Baelum, Y Gao, J Tremblay, E Prestat, B Stenuit, SG Tringe, JK Jansson, T Zhang, and L Alvarez-Cohen.2017."Metagenomic and Metatranscriptomic Analyses Reveal Structure and Dynamics of a Dechlorinating Community Containing Dehalococcoides Mccartyi and Corrinoid-Providing Microorganisms Under Cobalamin-limited Condition." Applied and Environmental Microbiology 83(8):e03508-16. doi:10.1128/AEM.03508-16
  • Musumeci MíA, M Lozada , DV Rial, WP Mac Cormack, JK Jansson, S Sjoling, J Carroll, and HM Dionisi.2017."Prospecting Biotechnologically-Relevant Monooxygenases from Cold Sediment Metagenomes: An In Silico Approach." Marine Drugs 15(4):114. doi:10.3390/md15040114
  • Snijders AM, SA Langley, YM Kim, CJ Brislawn, C Noecker, EM Zink, SJ Fansler, CP Casey, D Miller, Y Huang, GH Karpen , SE Celniker, JB Brown, EA Borenstein, JK Jansson, TO Metz, and JH Mao.2017."Influence of early life exposure, host genetics and diet on the mouse gut microbiome and metabolome." Nature Microbiology 2(2): Article No.16221. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.221
  • Thompson LR, JG Sanders, D McDonald, A Amir, J Ladau, KJ Locey, RJ Prill, A Tripathi, SM Gibbons, GL Ackermann, JA Navas-Molina, S Janssen, E Kopylova, Y Vazquez-Baeza, A Gonzalez, J Morton, S Mirarab, ZZ Xu, L Jiang, MF Haroon, J Kanbar, Q Zhu, SJ Song, T Kosciolek, NA Bokulich, J Lefler, CJ Brislawn, GC Humphrey, SM Owens, J Hampton-Marcell, D Berg-Lyons, V Mckenzie, N Fierer, JA Fuhrman, A Clauset, RL Stevens, A Shade, KS Pollard, KD Goodwin, JK Jansson, JA Gilbert, and R Knight.2017."A Communal Catalogue Reveals Earth’s Multiscale Microbial Diversity." Nature 551:457 - 463. doi:10.1038/nature24621
  • White RA, III, AR Panyala, KA Glass, SM Colby, KR Glaesemann, GC Jansson, and JK Jansson.2017."MerCat: a versatile k-mer counter and diversity estimator for database-independent property analysis obtained from metagenomic and/or metatranscriptomic sequencing data." PeerJ Preprints 5: Article No.e2825v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2825v1
  • White RA, III, JM Brown, SM Colby, CC Overall, JY Lee, JD Zucker, KR Glaesemann, GC Jansson, and JK Jansson.2017."ATLAS (Automatic Tool for Local Assembly Structures) - A Comprehensive Infrastructure for Assembly, Annotation, and Genomic Binning of Metagenomic and Metaranscripomic Data." PeerJ Preprints 5:, doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2843v1

    2016

  • Armstrong A, A Valverde, JB Ramond, TP Makhalanyane, JK Jansson, DW Hopkins, TJ Aspray, M Seely, MI Trindade, and DA Cowan.2016."Temporal Dynamics of Hot Desert Microbial Communities Reveal Structural and Functional Responses to Water Input." Scientific Reports 6:34434. doi:10.1038/srep34434
  • Bergeron N, PT Williams, R Lamendella, N Faghihnia, A Grube, X Li, Z Wang, R Knight, JK Jansson, SL Hazen, and R Krauss.2016."Diets High in Resistant Starch Increase Plasma Levels of Trimethylamine-N-oxide, a Gut Microbiome Metabolite Associated with CVD Risk." British Journal of Nutrition 116(12):2020-2029. doi:10.1017/S0007114516004165
  • Biteen JS, PC Blainey, ZG Cardon, M Chun, G Church, PC Dorrestein, SE Fraser, JA Gilbert, JK Jansson, R Knight, JF Miller, A Ozcan, KA Prather, SR Quake, EG Ruby, PA Silver, SA Taha, G van den Engh, PS Weiss, GCL Wong, AT Wright, and TD Young.2016."Tools for the Microbiome: Nano and Beyond." ACS Nano 10(1):6-37. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b07826
  • Gilbert JA, RA Quinn, JW Debelius , ZZ Xu, J Morton, N Garg, JK Jansson, PC Dorrestein, and R Knight.2016."Microbiome-wide association studies link dynamic microbial consortia to disease." Nature 535(7610):94-103. doi:10.1038/nature18850
  • Gilbert JA, RA Quinn, JW Debelius , ZZ Xu, J Morton, N Garg, JK Jansson, PC Dorrestein, and R Knight.2016."Microbiome-Wide Association Studies Link Dynamic Microbial Consortia to Disease." Nature 535(7610):94-103. doi:10.1038/nature18850
  • Guibert LM, CL Loviso, S Borglin, JK Jansson, HM Dionisi, and M Lozada .2016."Diverse Bacterial Groups Contribute to the Alkane Degradation Potential of Chronically Polluted Subantarctic Coastal Sediments." Microbial Ecology 71(1):100-112. doi:10.1007/s00248-015-0698-0
  • Jansson JK, and ES Baker.2016."A multi-omic future for microbiome studies." Nature Microbiology 1(5): Article No.16049. doi:10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2016.49
  • Lopez JL, M Golemba, E Hernandez, M Lozada , HM Dionisi, JK Jansson, J Carroll, L Lundgren, S Sjoling, and WP Mac Cormack.2016."Microbial and Viral-like Rhodopsins Present in Coastal Marine Sediments from Four Polar and Subpolar Regions." FEMS Microbiology Ecology 93(1): Article No.fiw216. doi:10.1093/femsec/fiw216
  • Mackelprang R, S Saleska, CS Jacobsen, JK Jansson, and N Tas.2016."Permafrost Meta-Omics and Climate Change." Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 44:439-62. doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-060614-105126
  • Matos MN, M Lozada , LE Anselmino, MíA Musumeci, B Henrissat, JK Jansson, WP Mac Cormack, J Carroll, S Sjoling, L Lundgren, and HM Dionisi.2016."Metagenomics Unveils the Attributes of the Alginolytic Guilds of Sediments from Four Distant Cold Coastal Environments." Environmental Microbiology 18(12):4471-4484. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13433
  • Nakamura YK, C Metea, L Karstens, M Asquith, H Gruner, C Moscibrocki, I Lee , CJ Brislawn, JK Jansson, JT Rosenbaum, and P Lin.2016."Gut Microbial Alterations Associated with Protection from Autoimmune Uveitis." Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 57(8):3747-3758. doi:10.1167/iovs.16-19733
  • Nesme J, W Achouak, SN Agathos, M Bailey, P Baldrian, D Brunel, A Frostegard, T Heulin, JK Jansson, E Jurkevitch, K Kruus, GA Kowalchuk, Antonio Lagares, Hilarym Lappin-Scott, Phillip Lemanceau, D Le Paslier, I Mandic-Mulec, JC Murrell, DD Myrold, R Nalin, P Nannipieri , JD Neufeld, F O'Gara, JJ Parnell, A Puhler, V Pylro, J Ramos, JR, LF Roesch, M Schloter, C Schleper , A Sczyrba, A Sessitsch, S Sjoling, J Sorensen , SJ Sorensen, CC Tebbe, E Topp, G Tsiamis, JD van Elsas, G van Keulen, F Widmer, M Wagner, T Zhang, X Zhang, L Zhao, YG Zhu, TM Vogel, and P Simonet.2016."Back to the Future of Soil Metagenomics." Frontiers in Microbiology 7: Article No.73. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00073
  • Noecker C, A Eng, S Srinivasan, CM Theriot , VIB Young, JK Jansson, DN Fredricks, and EA Borenstein.2016."Metabolic model-based integration of microbiome taxonomic and metabolomic profiles elucidates mechanistic links between ecological and metabolic variation." mSystems 1(1):, doi:10.1128/mSystems.00013-15
  • White RA, III, EM Bottos, T Roy Chowdhury, JD Zucker, CJ Brislawn, CD Nicora, SJ Fansler, KR Glaesemann, KA Glass, and JK Jansson.2016."Moleculo long-read sequencing facilitates assembly and resolves functionally active genomic bins from complex soil metagenomes." mSystems 1(3):, doi:10.1128/mSystems.00045-16
  • White RA, III, SJ Callister, RJ Moore, EM Baker, and JK Jansson.2016."The Past, Present and Future of Microbiome Analyses." Nature Protocols 11(11):2049-2053. doi:10.1038/nprot.2016.148

    2015

  • Alivisatos AP, MJ Blaser, EL Brodie, M Chun, JL Dangl, TJ Donohue, PC Dorrestein, JA Gilbert, JL Green, JK Jansson, R Knight, ME Maxon, MJ McFall-Ngai , J Miller, KS Pollard, EG Ruby, and SA Taha.2015."A unified initiative to harness Earth’s microbiomes." Science 350(6260):507-508. doi:10.1126/science.aac8480
  • Carillo-Araujo M, N Tas, RJ Alcntara-Hernndez, O Gaona, JE Schondube, RA Medellin, JK Jansson, and LI Falcon .2015."Phyllostomid bat microbiome composition is associated to host phylogeny and feeding strategies." Frontiers in Microbiology 6: Article No.447. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.00447
  • Dicksved J J, JK Jansson, and JE Lindberg, 2015."Fecal microbiome of growing pigs fed a cereal based diet including chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) or ribwort (Plantago lanceolata L.) forage." Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 6: Article No.53. doi:10.1186/s40104-015-0054-8
  • Hultman J, MP Waldrop, R Mackelprang, M David, J McFarland, SJ Blazewicz, JW Harden, M Turetsky, AD McGuire, MB Shah, NC VerBerkmoes, LH Lee, K Mavrommatis, and JK Jansson.2015."Multi-omics of Permafrost, Active Layer and Thermokarst Bog Soil Microbiomes." Nature 521(7551):208-212. doi:10.1038/nature14238
  • Keravec M, J Mounier, E Prestat , S Vallet, JK Jansson, G Bergaud , S Rosec, S Gourious, G Rault, E Coton, G Barbier, and G Hery-Arnaud.2015."Insights into the respiratory tract microbiota of patients with cystic fibrosis during early Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization." SpringerPlus 4: Article No.405. doi:10.1186/s40064-015-1207-0
  • Koeberl M, RA White, III, S Erschen, N Spanberger, TF El-Arabi, JK  Jansson, and G Berg.2015."Complete genome sequence of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain Co1-6, a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium of Calendula officinalis." Genome Announcements 3(4): Article No.e00862-15. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00862-15
  • Koeberl M, RA White, III, S Erschen, TF El-Arabi, JK Jansson, and G Berg.2015."Draft genome sequence of Paenbacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14, an antagonistic root endophyte of Matricaria chamomilla." Genome Announcements 3(4): Article No.e00861-15. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00861-15
  • Koeberl M, RA White, III, S Erschen, TF El-Arabi, JK Jansson, and G Berg.2015."Draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp.strain Wb2n-11, a desert isolate with broad-spectrum antagonism against soil-borne phytopathogens." Genome Announcements 3(4):e00860-15. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00860-15
  • Lipson DA, TK Raab, M Parker, ST Kelley, CJ Brislawn, and JK Jansson.2015."Changes in microbial communities along redox gradients in polygonized Arctic wet tundra soils." Environmental Microbiology Reports 7(4):649-657. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12301
  • Lipson DA, TK Raab, M Parker, ST Kelley, CJ Brislawn, and JK Jansson.2015."Changes in microbial communities along redox gradients in polygonized Arctic wet tundra soils." Environmental Microbiology Reports 7(4):649-657. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12301
  • Mao JH, SA Langley, Y Huang, M Hang, KE Bouchard, SE Celniker, JB Brown, JK Jansson, GH Karpen, and AM Snijders.2015."Identification of genetic factors that modify motor performance and body weight using Collaborative Cross mice." Scientific Reports 5:16247. doi:10.1038/srep16247
  • Schostag M, M Stibal, CS Jacobsen , J Baelum, N Tas, B Elberling, JK Jansson, P Semenchuk, and A Prieme.2015."Distinct summer and winter bacterial communities in the active layer of Svalbard permafrost revealed by DNA- and RNA-based analyses." Frontiers in Microbiology 6: Article No.399. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.00399
  • Walters W, ER Hyde, D Berg-Lyons, G Ackermann, G Humphrey, A Parada, JA Gilbert, JK Jansson, G Caporaso, JA Fuhrman, A Apprill, and R Knight.2015."Improved Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene (V4 and V4-5) and Fungal Internal Transcribed Spacer Marker Gene Primers for Microbial Community Surveys." mSystems 1(1): Article No.e00009-15. doi:10.1128/mSystems.00009-15
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